November 8, 2017 Who is the Holy Spirit Part 1


First let’s look at who the Holy Spirit is not.


Jehovah’s Witnesses believe that the Holy Spirit is nothing more than God’s active force. He is not a person but an it. They argue that the Holy Spirit is nothing more than God in action. That He the Holy Spirit is His power or energy that gets things done.

The holy spirit is God’s power in action, his active force. (Micah 3:8;Luke 1:35) God sends out his spirit by projecting his energy to any place to accomplish his will.—Psalm 104:30; 139:7.” (

They continue to argue that because there are times that the Holy Spirit is described as God’s workman or His fingers, etc… They argue that this makes the Holy Spirit impersonal, just God’s power in action.


The problem with these beliefs.

With JW- The Holy Spirit, time and time again is described as having personable qualities. The Holy Spirit is also described as having attributes accustomed to God.  He has a will, emotion, knowledge, etc… This is not indicative of just a force, but of a person. (We will explore these later)


 Some sects within Christianity believe that the Holy Spirit is nothing more than a mask of God, that He is not a separate person but only a different mask that God puts on to reveal Himself to His people. Neither the Father, Son or Holy Spirit is present simultaneously. (This is called Modalism and is considered heresy).

The problem with this belief-

There are times in scripture when two if not all three persons of the Trinity are present.

·         The baptism of Jesus- Luke 3:22 (And the Holy Spirit descended on him in bodily form like a dove. And a voice came from heaven: “You are my Son, whom I love; with you I am well pleased.”

·         The Preexisting Christ- John 1

·         Jesus Praying- John 17

·         The Great Commission- Matthew 28:16-20

16 The eleven disciples traveled to Galilee, to the mountain where Jesus had directed them. 17 When they saw him, they worshiped,[a] but some doubted. 18 Jesus came near and said to them, “All authority has been given to me in heaven and on earth. 19 Go, therefore, and make disciplesof[b] all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, 20 teaching them to observe everything I have commanded you. And remember,[c] I am with you always,[d] to the end of the age.”

·         The Doxology in 2 Corinthians 13:14 (which also refutes JW’s belief of the Holy Spirit)

14 May the grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit be with you all.

Who is the Holy Spirit?

1.      A person

a.      1 Corinthians 2:10 (He searches)
“For to us God reveled them through the Spirit; for the Spirit searches all things, even the depths of God.”

b.      1 Corinthians 12:11 (He has a will)
“But one in the same Spirit works all these things, distributing to each one individually just as He wills.”

c.       Acts 5:3 (He can be lied to)
“But Peter said, “Ananias, why has Satan filled your heart to lie to the Holy Spirit and to keep back some of the price of the land?”

d.      Ephesians 4:30 (He can be grieved)
“Do not grieve the Holy Spirit of God, by whom you were sealed for the day of redemption.”

e.      1 Timothy 4:1 (He speaks)
“But the Spirit explicitly says that in later times some will fall away…”

f.        Luke 12:12; John 14: 26 (He teaches)
“For the Holy Spirit will teach you in that very  hour what you ought to say.”

“But the Helper, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in My name, He will teach you all things, and bring to your remembrance all that I said to you.”

g.      Romans 8:26 (He intercedes)
“In the same way the Spirit also helps our weakness; for we do not know how to pray as we should, but the Spirit Himself intercedes for us with groaning too deep for words.”

h.      John 14:26; John 16:7 (He comforts)
““But the Helper, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in My name, He will teach you all things, and bring to your remembrance all that I said to you.”

“But I tell you the truth, it is to your advantage that I go away; for if I do not go away, the Helper will not come to you.”

i.        Hebrews 10:15; Romans 8:16 (He is a witness)
“And the Holy Spirit also testifies to us…”

2.      He is God

a.      Acts 5:3-4 (You have not lied to men, but to God.)

b.      1 Corinthians 3:16 (We are the temple of God, the Spirt of God dwells in you)

c.       Psalm 139:7 (Omnipresent)

d.      1 Corinthians 2:10-11 (Omniscient)

e.      Job 33:4 (Gives life, Creating)