October 18, 2017 Who is Jesus Part 2

Last Week we talked about the Eternal and Creating Jesus. This week we will be moving to His earthly life and ministry. We will be looking at His life through a historical lens. Looking at scripture we will see different significant points in His life from His birth to His earthly ministry.

Birth: Jesus was born somewhere between 4 and 6 BC according to most scholars. He was born in Bethlehem to Mary.

His birth was foretold in the Old Testament.

Several were foretelling where he would be born

Micah 5:2

[a]But as for you, Bethlehem Ephrathah,
Too little to be among the clans of Judah,
From you One will go forth for Me to be ruler in Israel.
[b]His goings forth are from long ago,
From the days of eternity.”

Matthew 2:6

And you, Bethlehem, land of Judah,
Are by no means least among the leaders of Judah;
For out of you shall come forth a Ruler
Who will shepherd My people Israel.’”

and it was also foretold that he would be born of a virgin.

Virgin birth-

Isaiah 7:14/ Matthew 1:23

Isaiah 7:14 “Therefore the Lord Himself will give you a sign: Behold, a [a]virgin will be with child and bear a son, and she will call His name Immanuel.”

Matthew 1:23 ““Behold, the virgin shall be with child and shall bear a Son, and they shall call His name Immanuel,” which translated means, “God with us.” (Prophecy fulfilled)

So what is the significance of the virgin birth?

·         First of all, it fulfilled prophecy

·         Second, He did not have original sin.

o   Romans 5:12-15                12 When Adam sinned, sin entered the world. Adam’s sin brought death, so death spread to everyone, for everyone sinned. 13 Yes, people sinned even before the law was given. But it was not counted as sin because there was not yet any law to break. 14 Still, everyone died—from the time of Adam to the time of Moses—even those who did not disobey an explicit commandment of God, as Adam did. Now Adam is a symbol, a representation of Christ, who was yet to come

o   There is this idea of Federal Headship which states that in the Garden, Adam was the representative for all humanity. Because he was our representative and he sinned, we all inherit his sin nature because he is the father of humanity.

o   Because Christ was born of a virgin and had no earthly father, he is without original sin because God is his father, and not Joseph and by extension, Adam.

Boy Jesus at the Temple (Age 12):

                Luke 2:41-52- 41 Every year Jesus’ parents went to Jerusalem for the Passover festival. 42 When Jesus was twelve years old, they attended the festival as usual. 43 After the celebration was over, they started home to Nazareth, but Jesus stayed behind in Jerusalem. His parents didn’t miss him at first, 44 because they assumed he was among the other travelers. But when he didn’t show up that evening, they started looking for him among their relatives and friends. When they couldn’t find him, they went back to Jerusalem to search for him there. 46 Three days later they finally discovered him in the Temple, sitting among the religious teachers, listening to them and asking questions. 47 All who heard him were amazed at his understanding and his answers. His parents didn’t know what to think. “Son,” his mother said to him, “why have you done this to us? Your father and I have been frantic, searching for you everywhere.” “But why did you need to search?” he asked. “Didn’t you know that I must be in my Father’s house?” 50 But they didn’t understand what he meant. Then he returned to Nazareth with them and was obedient to them. And his mother stored all these things in her heart. Jesus grew in wisdom and in stature and in favor with God and all the people.

·         Parents (family) went to Jerusalem for Passover

·         He stayed in the temple listening and asking questions

·         The crowd was amazed by his answers

·         Jesus at 12 already knew what He was called to do. “I must be in my Father’s house.”

·         He continued in subjection to them; and his mother treasured all these things in her heart

Jesus’ Baptism (Age 30):

Luke 3:21-22: Now when all the people were baptized, Jesus was also baptized, and while He was praying, heaven was opened, 22 and the Holy Spirit descended upon Him in bodily form like a dove, and a voice came out of heaven, “You are My beloved Son, in You I am well-pleased.”

 John 1:29-34: 29 The next day he *saw Jesus coming to him and *said, “Behold, the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world! 30 This is He on behalf of whom I said, ‘After me comes a Man who [a]has a higher rank than I, for He existed before me.’ 31 I did not recognize [b]Him, but so that He might be manifested to Israel, I came baptizing [c]in water.” 32 John testified saying, “I have seen the Spirit descending as a dove out of heaven, and He remained upon Him. 33 I did not recognize [d]Him, but He who sent me to baptize [e]in water said to me, ‘He upon whom you see the Spirit descending and remaining upon Him, this is the One who baptizes [f]in the Holy Spirit.’ 34 I myself have seen, and have testified that this is the Son of God.”


Matthew 3:13-17: 13 Then Jesus *arrived from Galilee at the Jordan coming to John, to be baptized by him. 14 But John tried to prevent Him, saying, “I have need to be baptized by You, and do You come to me?” 15 But Jesus answering said to him, “Permit it at this time; for in this way it is fitting for us to fulfill all righteousness.” Then he *permitted Him. 16 After being baptized, Jesus came up immediately from the water; and behold, the heavens were opened, and [a]he saw the Spirit of God descending as a dove and[b]lighting on Him, 17 and behold, a voice out of the heavens said, “This is [c]My beloved Son, in whom I am well-pleased.”

Read Macarthur 1365

·         John told Jesus that he didn’t need to be baptized, but Jesus did it to show us several things

o   It was a foreshadowing of his death burial and resurrection.

o   It was a showing of him taking on the sins of creation and washing them away.

o   It was to show us that we should do it out of obedience to Him.

o   Some teach that baptism is required for salvation, but scripture does not support this. If that were the case, then Jesus would be a liar because he told the thief on the cross beside him (in Luke 23:42-43) that “today you will be with me in paradise.” Nowhere does it state after that, that Jesus and the thief got off the cross and he baptized him, and then got back on the cross. It is required for obedience, but not for salvation.

His baptism was also significant because it began His earthly ministry.  We see where God states that “this is my son in whom I am well pleased”, that it is confirming to those around Him that He truly is the Messiah.

Jesus’ Earthly Ministry

Miracles, Mayhem and Mercy

Miracles: Many Examples

·         Water to wine (John 2)

·         Healing of Jairus’ Daughter (Mark 5:21-43)

·         Feeding the 4 and 5k

·         Walking on Water

·         These were events to show the power of God, to Glorify the Father


Mayhem: (Countercultural to the Religious leaders)

·         Eating with Sinners (Mark 2:15-17)

·         Healing on the Sabbath (Luke 13:10-17)

·         These events were to counteract the legalism and self-righteousness that pervaded (spread through and be perceived in every part of) the Pharisees.

Mercy: (Showing compassion to the sinner)

·         “Your sins are forgiven” (Luke 7:48; Matt 9:2; Matt 8:2)

·         “Your faith has made you well (Matt 9:22)

·         “According to your faith” (Matt 9:28-29)

·         “Go and sin no more” (John 8:1-11)

o   This woman was condemned to death for adultery, and yet Jesus showed her compassion and mercy while exposing the guilt of those waiting to stone her. He then forgave her of her sin and commanded her to abandon her way of life.

Jesus’ earthly ministry focused on 3 things:

·         Bringing glory to God

·         Proving to those around Him that He is the messiah they had been waiting for

·         Showing them that what they needed was not legalism but a relationship with Him.