October 4, 2017 Who is God Part 3

Hosea (Hosea means – help or deliverance.) Derived from Hebrew word for Salvation. (Jesus, Yeshua is also a form of the word). Middle to late 700’s BC.

Chapter 1


·         During the “Golden Age” of Israel. Jeroboam II followed in his father’s footsteps in 3 successful battles with the Syrians or Arameans. This freed Israel from foreign bondage.

·         Although the world saw this as a time of flourishing, in God’s eyes, Jeroboam II was wicked. He was overwhelmed with pride, selfishness and greed, and this attitude flooded into the people’s thinking as well. (Indictment in Chapter 4)

·         After the death of Jeroboam II, the moral decay got even worse. There was a series of assassinations of the successors (kings).  During the last 30 years of Israelite autonomy, 4 of the 6 kings were assassinated. The last king, Hoshea, was deported to Assyria.

·         Hoshea sealed their fate.  Because of previously poor allegiances with Egypt and other enemies of Assyria it put Israel into a position of being a vassal state (in bondage) to other nations. Ultimately Assyria attacked Israel and ransacked it, carving up the land to their own desires.


·         (Hosea 1:1-2)

o   Israel was in a period of falling away from Yahweh and moving toward worship of false gods.

o   There was the threat of Assyrian conquest as well. Hosea steps in to the picture to prophecy against the betrayal of Israel.

o   God tells Hosea to take a wife that is a prostitute, because the nation of Israel has become a harlot itself.  

·         Harlotry and Baalism:

·         What is Baalism

o   Baal was the rain and storm god

o   Chief concerns were agricultural and reproductive fertility

o   Baal worship included human sacrifice and ritual prostitution

·         What does this have to do with us?


o   4:10-17; 5:3-4

§  God tells them through Hosea what they are guilty of.


·         Hosea 2:5-8 (chasing false gods, and those men that are giving her what she wants, not necessarily what she needs.)

·         God put roadblocks in Gomer’s way

·         God provided for her even when she was wayward

§  God, through Hosea, states that even though these men of Baal have given her these things, it still was because of God’s provision that these men gave things to her. (Isaiah 44) Read the description of Baalism in the book. Pg589.

o   Hosea’s relationship with Gomer is a direct reflection of God’s relationship with Israel. Gomer/Israel broke the covenant that was agreed upon between God and Israel and gave herself to the false gods and desires of Baal.  (The covenant required the Israelites to worship God alone, and no other. (Exodus 20:1-6)

20 And God spoke all these words, saying,

“I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of slavery.

“You shall have no other gods before[a] me.

“You shall not make for yourself a carved image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth. You shall not bow down to them or serve them, for I the Lordyour God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children to the third and the fourth generation of those who hate me, but showing steadfast love to thousands[b] of those who love me and keep my commandments.


o   Hosea 4:15- talking about the destruction of Israel and not to influence Judah.

o   God has withdrawn himself from Israel. (This is significant because Israel was His chosen people and as long as they upheld their part of the covenant, God would bless them. As soon as they turned away from God, they broke the covenant and God would punish them for it. “Chastising His people” (Punishing them/purifying them through rebuke and punishment.)

o   5:14-15- God says that he will destroy Israel and will leave them until they turn from their wickedness and seek His face, earnestly.


·         Where His Grace and Mercy come in…He provides a way back.

·         Redemption coming

o   2:14-23- There is eventual restoration coming.  (Ishi- my husband, instead of Baali- my master)

Even in the midst of Gomer’s sin, God provided the way out.

Even when we sin, God provides us a way out if we turn back to Him.

o   3 John :1-5: Marriage restored. Describes Hosea restoring his marriage with Gomer. She is required to stop being a harlot, and to love Hosea. God will restore his relationship with Israel, but after the Israelites go through a time of tribulation. (3:4-5) Return in the last days.

§  Hosea has to purchase Gomer from a slave market, because of her life of sin has caused her to be there, and she returns as his wife after a period of quarantine. 

§  She is left naked and alone in the slave market after being abused by her lovers.

§  Israel was left in a terrible state as they continued to worship false gods. God provided a way out by paying the price for the sins that Israel, and we commit.

§  The price was that of a common slave. No one wanted Gomer. Hosea went and picked her up and paid the price for her, to redeem her.

§  God paid the price to redeem us. It was much more valuable than that of a common slave. He paid through Jesus Christ. Only the sacrifice of a perfect lamb would atone for those sins.

o   Hosea 14:1-9

§  Israel’s Realization

·         The Assyrians will not save us.

·         Not calling false idols, works of their hands, god.

·         They are orphans that only God can care for. (14:3)

§  Shows God’s love for His people. (14:4-9) He will restore them, and they will again be able to flourish as His chosen people.