September 27, 2017 (Who Is God, Part 2)

Yahweh-   Occurs over 6500 times in OT

EXODUS 3:1-14- “I am who I am”

Macarthur-  This name for God points to His self-existence and eternality; it denotes “I am the One who is/will be,” which is decidedly the best and most contextually suitable option from a number of theories about its meaning and etymological (relating to the origin and historical development of words and their meanings) source.”

Elohim is a name of God, but this name was also used for worldly rulers and false gods. Yahweh was a name that was only used for God almighty.

This was God’s covenant name with Israel. The “I Am” Statement in Ex 3:14 signifies God’s ever-present, all-pervading power and majesty as the God who rescued His chosen people from captivity and entered into a solemn covenant relationship with them. So, this name for God, since it represents a bond of solemn intimacy between Israel and her Maker, is a uniquely distinctive divine name in the Scriptures. [1]

The Rabbis held His proper name so sacred that they refused to even write it down. It was never given vowels, so that it was never pronounced. The word Yahweh or Jehovah is only a guess as to the actual pronunciation.

Instead they used the word Adonai which is translated The Lord. What is interesting is the term Adonai in the Old Testament is Kurios in the New Testament, which is the title that the writers used to reference Christ.

Examples of Adonai in scripture:

 “You shall therefore love the Lord your God, and always keep His charge, His statutes, His ordinances, and His commandments (Deut 11:1)

After these things the word of the Lord came to Abram in a vision, saying, “Do not fear, Abram, I am a shield to you; Your reward shall be very great.” (Genesis 15:1)

The fact that God is self-existent points to His aseity.

Aseity (answers question #2) is a million-dollar word that means- uncaused/self-existent

            This means that God was not created, nor does He depend on someone else for His existence. He exists within Himself. God has always been and always will be.

Our existence is dependent on someone coming before us. We are contingent on our parents. Their existence was contingent on their parents and so forth. Everything in creation is and always has been contingent on something that came before it. For there to be creation in the first place there had to be something, or Someone that was uncreated to create it. (Not infinite regression). This Someone is God.

Because God is uncreated, He has absolute independence. Had the universe never been created, He would still exist. If the universe ceased to exist at some point in time, God would still exist. His existence or being does not depend on the universe or anything else.

God cannot not exist.


In its simplest sense this means that God is present everywhere. This is not saying that God is everything or that God is in everything (I am not God; you are not God) but that He is here with His creation. (Ties in with His imminence)

Isaiah 57:15- For thus says the One who is high and lifted up,
    who inhabits eternity, whose name is Holy:
“I dwell in the high and holy place,
    and also with him who is of a contrite and lowly spirit,
to revive the spirit of the lowly,
    and to revive the heart of the contrite.

He is present to all ranges of both time and space. (This means that before time existed, He is present and even after time ends, He is present.)

He is not bound by time and space. This doesn’t mean that God is just the equivalent of water poured into a glass. He is a spiritual being, and his presence cannot be explained in terms of material structures or the laws of physics. He exists outside of what our 5 senses can comprehend.

He is not a boundless bulk filling all space, but by his divine agency he is available in the fullness of his power to sustain, order, govern and guide everything that is, wherever it is.

Psalm 139:7-12

Where shall I go from your Spirit?
    Or where shall I flee from your presence?
If I ascend to heaven, you are there!
    If I make my bed in Sheol, you are there!
If I take the wings of the morning
    and dwell in the uttermost parts of the sea,
10 even there your hand shall lead me,
    and your right hand shall hold me.
11 If I say, “Surely the darkness shall cover me,
    and the light about me be night,”
12 even the darkness is not dark to you;
    the night is bright as the day,
    for darkness is as light with you.

So, if God is omnipresent, is He in hell?

            Yes. God is not in hell as a captive participant but because He is omnipresent, He is everywhere. The inhabitants of hell experience God but not in the same way as those that are in heaven. They experience the unmitigated wrath of God. They see God, whom they rejected, and finally see the consequences of their actions. All sin is forgivable except for one, rejection of the Holy Spirit.

Mark 3:28-29

28 “Truly, I say to you, all sins will be forgiven the children of man, and whatever blasphemies they utter, 29 but whoever blasphemes against the Holy Spirit never has forgiveness, but is guilty of an eternal sin”

Omniscience- Having total knowledge, knowing everything.

1 John 3:20 “…God is greater than our heart, and he knows everything.”

God knows even how many hairs are on your head

Matthew 10:30- “But even the hairs on your head are numbered.”

God’s knowledge of everything does not violate our free will. He knows what we will do but does not force us to make the choice.

God is outside of time, which means He is not restricted to time as we are.

Omnipotence: - Being All-Powerful

Genesis 1:1…God said, “let there be” and it was.

Psalm 33:6—“
By the word of the Lord the heavens were made,
    and by the breath of his mouth all their host.


God has the power to do whatever He wants to accomplish His desired will.

Does this mean that God can create a married bachelor or a two sided triangle?

Law of Non-Contradiction

God cannot do something that is literally impossible. God cannot create a boulder that is too heavy for Him to lift because that would be impossible. This does not negate the omnipotence of God but reveals the fallacy of the statement.

The Bible speaks of things that God cannot do

Hebrews 6:18 states that God cannot lie

2 Timothy 2:13 states that God cannot deny Himself

Titus 1:2 reiterates that God cannot lie.



[1]Expository Dictionary of Bible Words: Word Studies for Key English Bible Words Based On the Hebrew and Greek Texts (Peabody, Mass.: Hendrickson Publishers, ©2005), 443.