November 29, 2017 Who is the Holy Spirit 3 Activity in the New Testament and His Ministry

 The last two weeks we have been talking about who the Holy Spirit is. 

Week 1:

·         Not a force

·         Not an “it”

·         He is a person

·         He is God

Week 2: Activity in the Old Testament

·         Called the “Spirit of the Lord”

·         Gave supernatural Strength, Leadership, Prophetic ability, Wisdom, Authority

·         Was not a sign of holiness in some

·         The Spirit would depart in those that were disobedient

·         Would come upon someone, not indwell within, except for 3 in the Old Testament: Joseph, Joshua and Daniel.

This week

The Activity of the Holy Spirit in the New Testament

The ministry of the Holy Spirit was initiated at Pentecost (Acts 2) in the way we know now.

There are commonalities as to the persons of Jesus and the Holy Spirit between the Old and New Testaments

·         The foretelling of their coming

o   Christ- Prophecy in Isaiah and other texts

o   Holy Spirit worked in regenerating men, and moved the prophets to speak, He now has a more pronounced role being ever present with us.

§   Proverbs 1:23 (I will pour out My Spirit) “Turn to my reproof,
Behold, I will pour out my spirit on you;
I will make my words known to you.

§  Isaiah 32:15 Until the Spirit is poured out upon us from on high,
And the wilderness becomes a fertile field,
And the fertile field is considered as a forest.

§  Ezekiel 36:26-27 (I will put My Spirit within you)
Moreover, I will give you a new heart and put a new spirit within you; and I will remove the heart of stone from your flesh and give you a heart of flesh. 27 I will put My Spirit within you and cause you to walk in My statutes, and you will be careful to observe My ordinances.


·         How they were announced

·         Private:

o   The coming of Christ was told to Mary, Joseph and a few others

o   The coming of the Spirit was told to the Disciples 40 days prior to Pentecost but they received Him at Pentecost.

o    John 20:22- And when He had said this, He breathed on them and *said to them, “Receive the Holy Spirit.

·         Public:

o   Christ was known to Israel at His baptism

o   The Holy Spirit was known to Israel at Pentecost

o    Acts 2:5-7- Now there were Jews living in Jerusalem, devout men from every nation under heaven. And when this sound occurred, the crowd came together, and were bewildered because each one of them was hearing them speak in his own [a]language. They were amazed and astonished, saying, “[b]Why, are not all these who are speaking Galileans?

·         How they arrived:

o   Christ:

§  Angelic Choir

·         Luke 2:13-14 13 And suddenly there appeared with the angel a multitude of the heavenly host praising God and saying,14 “Glory to God in the highest, And on earth peace among men [a]with whom He is pleased.”

§  Shekinah glory

·          Luke 2:9 And an angel of the Lord suddenly stood before them, and the glory of the Lord shone around them; and they were terribly frightened.

·         The word shekinah does not appear in the Bible, but the concept clearly does. The Jewish rabbis coined this extra-biblical expression, a form of a Hebrew word that literally means “he caused to dwell,” signifying that it was a divine visitation of the presence or dwelling of the Lord God on this earth.

§  The Star marked the house

·         Matt 2:9 After hearing the king, they went their way; and the star, which they had seen in the east, went on before them until it came and stood over the place where the Child was.

o   The Holy Spirit

§  Sound from Heaven

·         Acts 2:2 And suddenly there came from heaven a sound like a mighty rushing wind, and it filled the entire house where they were sitting.

§  Tongues of Fire

·          Acts 2:3 And divided tongues as of fire appeared to them and rested[a] on each one of them.

§  Devine shaking marked the house (Acts 2:2)

·         How they Indwell

o   Christ became incarnate in the world to bring about redemption.

o   The Holy Spirit is incarnate in believers to draw us to that redemption and sustain us.

The Ministry of the Holy Spirit

·         He Restrains Evil (At in the future the Holy Spirit will step aside and allow evil to flourish and overtake the world. This marks the beginning of Tribulation)

o   John 15:18-20 18 “If the world hates you, know that it has hated me before it hated you.19 If you were of the world, the world would love you as its own; but because you are not of the world, but I chose you out of the world, therefore the world hates you. 20 Remember the word that I said to you: ‘A servant is not greater than his master.’ If they persecuted me, they will also persecute you. If they kept my word, they will also keep yours.

o   2 Thessalonians 2:7 For the mystery of lawlessness is already at work. Only he who now restrains it will do so until he is out of the way.

o   I wonder that if one day when we stand before God, if He is going to show us what would have happened to us had He not intervened and prevented evil from overtaking us.

·         He Teaches: What happens when we learn something new?

o   John 14:26 26 But the Helper, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, he will teach you all things and bring to your remembrance all that I have said to you.

o   Nehemiah 9:20 20 You gave your good Spirit to instruct them and did not withhold your manna from their mouth and gave them water for their thirst.

o   1 John 2:27 27 But the anointing that you received from him abides in you, and you have no need that anyone should teach you. But as his anointing teaches you about everything, and is true, and is no lie—just as it has taught you, abide in him.

·         He Comforts: What happens to us when we get comfortable? (Not Complacency)

o   John 14:16-17 16 And I will ask the Father, and he will give you another Helper,[a] to be with you forever, 17 even the Spirit of truth, whom the world cannot receive, because it neither sees him nor knows him. You know him, for he dwells with you and will be[b] in you.

o   Psalm 68:19 (He bears our burden) Blessed be the Lord, who daily bears our burden,
The God who is our salvation. 


o   The word "Comforter" in Greek is paraklete, which means, "one who would come alongside of you to take up your case, or to plead your case," or, as it is used here, "to aid you in any way."


o    3875 paráklētos (from 3844 /pará, "from close-beside" and 2564/kaléō, "make a call") – properly, a legal advocate who makes the right judgment-call because close enough to the situation. 3875/paráklētos ("advocate, advisor-helper") is the regular term in NT times of an attorney (lawyer) – i.e. someone giving evidence that stands up in court.

·         He Convicts-

o   John 3:19 (When humanity is without the Spirit) 19 This is the judgment, that the Light has come into the world, and men loved the darkness rather than the Light, for their deeds were evil.

o   Acts 7:51 (Rejecting the Holy Spirit because of the flesh) 51 “You men who are stiff-necked and uncircumcised in heart and ears are always resisting the Holy Spirit; you are doing just as your fathers did.

o   John 16:8- And He, when He comes, will convict the world concerning sin and righteousness and judgment;

o   2 Corinthians 7:10 (Makes you feel guilty but only Godly sorrow brings forth change) 10 For the sorrow that is according to the will of God produces a repentance [a]without regret, leading to salvation, but the sorrow of the world produces death.

o   Revelation 3:19 (God convicts those He loves thorough the Holy Spirit.) 19 Those whom I love, I reprove and discipline; therefore be zealous and repent.

·         He Regenerates- Is it possible for a dead man to bring himself back to life?

o   Romans 8:7 (We are all spiritually dead without the regeneration of the Spirit) because the mind set on the flesh is hostile toward God; for it does not subject itself to the law of God, for it is not even able to do so,…”

o   Ephesians 2:1-3 (Dead in our trespasses/sin) And you [a]were dead [b]in your trespasses and sins, in which you formerly walked according to the [c]course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, of the spirit that is now working in the sons of disobedience. Among them we too all formerly lived in the lusts of our flesh, [d]indulging the desires of the flesh and of the [e]mind, and were by nature children of wrath, even as the rest. 

o   Romans 9:16 (We can’t save ourselves. No one/ Nothing can come back to life from death in their own power.) 16 So then it does not depend on the man who wills or the man who runs, but on God who has mercy.

§  Ephesians 2:4-5 But God, being rich in mercy, because of His great love with which He loved us, even when we were dead [a]in our transgressions, made us alive together [b]with Christ (by grace you have been saved),

o   “You may listen to the preacher
God’s own truth be clearly shown,
but you need a greater teacher
From the everlasting throne;
Application is the work of God alone”